Road Reinforcement Geocell for Unpaved Roads

Road Reinforcement Geocell for Unpaved Roads

In this study, full-scale trafficking tests were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of novel polymeric-alloy geocell reinforcement for base courses for low-volume unpaved roads. Four geocell-reinforced sections with different aperture and height dimensions (440 mm and 660 mm) were tested under gradual stress increments.

The results indicate that the lateral confinement and wider stress distribution of the geocell-reinforced cohesive soil bed contributes to decrease footing settlement. A fragility modeling design method is proposed based on the modulus of the geocell-reinforced layer estimated by laboratory and finite element analysis.


Using geocells in road construction helps to provide an improved mechanical performance for the pavement. However, the use of geocells requires a high level of skill and attention to detail when installing. In addition, it is important to understand how the cell walls and welds of geocells work together to provide a long-term design life. Plastic deformation (creep) that occurs in the wall of a geocell can impact confinement and lower compaction density, which can cause a failure of the structure.

Geocells can help to increase the load-bearing capacity of roads by separating soil layers and spreading loads across large areas. This can improve the lifespan of roadways and save money in Road reinforcement geocell maintenance costs and construction time. They can also be used to help stabilize softer soils, which are more susceptible to damage and disintegration.

The performance of a geocell-reinforced road can vary depending on the infill material and footing settlement. For example, the bearing capacity improvement factor increases with the footing settlement to depth ratio for both the SC and the GRS cases. However, the improvement is significantly greater for the GRS case compared to the AC case. This shows that the influence of the infill material is more pronounced for the GRS case than the AC case. Moreover, it is essential to select a suitable infill material to ensure that the geocell reinforcement performs well.


Unlike other reinforcement methods, road geocells do not require deep excavation. This means less material has to be hauled and the project can be completed in a shorter period of time. This helps reduce costs as well as the environmental impact caused by dumping materials in the environment. The cost of the geocells themselves is a fraction of that of traditional materials like stone pitching or mulch mats for slope protection.

The use of road geocells can also lower construction and maintenance costs, reducing the amount of granular infill needed for the base. In addition, the geocells help prevent stress cracking in paved surfaces by distributing load evenly. The increased stiffness of the geocells increases the layer modulus of the structural layers, allowing high-quality aggregate to be replaced with locally available, less expensive granular infill.

Fragility modeling is a powerful tool that can help design low-volume roads by Flood control sandbags considering the modulus of the geocell-reinforced layer. This method uses laboratory and finite element analysis results to predict the behavior of a highway with a geocell-reinforced layer. It is also capable of estimating the performance of geocells under extreme conditions. It can also represent uncertainties and investigate their effects on a highway’s performance. The new standard for reinforcement geosynthetics in the Netherlands is a good example of how this technique can be used to optimize road construction projects.


Road reinforcement geocells are a popular pavement innovation. They are easy to install and offer improved performance. However, they also have drawbacks. These disadvantages include their cost, complexity of installation, and weight. These factors must be taken into account before deciding to use this technology on your project.

Geocells are an industrial grade load support system that add strength and stability to base layers of soil, sand, gravel or rock. They help to evenly distribute the load over a wider area, which reduces weather erosion and increases the life of your project.

When paired with concrete, Geocells are an ideal material to create flexible, durable pavements that meet the demands of modern traffic and climate change. In addition, they help to minimize maintenance costs and extend the lifespan of your project.

Using a hybrid geosynthetic structure that combines planar geosynthetic materials with three-dimensional NPA Geocell reinforcement, a road was designed for heavy crane loads and construction traffic on a compressor station pad. The hybrid design eliminated the need to excavate existing soft subgrade, reduced pavement thickness by 42.3%, and met bearing capacity, rut criteria, and slab effect requirements. The use of a Geocell ground grid also allowed lower quality aggregates found locally to replace truckloads of crushed stone. This saved on capital and transportation costs. It also eliminated the need for the expensive installation of a temporary asphalt base.


Geocells provide a stiff mattress-like layer that distributes heavy loads evenly, mitigating stress on the subgrade. This can help to prevent rutting, dents and settlements in unpaved roads as well as paved highways and airport runways. The cellular confinement they provide also enhances shear and bearing strength, making them an ideal solution for use in challenging soil conditions.

When used as a base for pavement construction, Road reinforcement geocells can save money by reducing the amount of aggregate and fill needed. They can also reduce project duration by eliminating the need for compaction of the subgrade. Their three-dimensional cellular confinement also mitigates against radial and vertical settlement, extending the service life of the road surface.

A geocell, or cellular confinement system, is a versatile and effective geosynthetic material used in a variety of civil engineering applications to improve soil stability, prevent erosion and reinforce pavement structures. It consists of interconnected strips made of high-density polyethylene (HDPE) or another polymer that are welded together and expanded to create a honeycomb-like structure with cells into which infill materials such as sand, soil, gravel or rock can be placed and compacted. Perforated geocells feature holes or slots to allow water to pass through them, which helps to reduce the buildup of hydrostatic pressure. Non-perforated geocells are often used in slope stabilization, embankment construction, retaining walls and other projects where drainage is not a priority.